Centerless Grinding Basics


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Traditionally, centerless grinding was found in shops involved in high volume production runs. Although this is still a critical segment, the process advantages can also be seen in shops that run shorter job lot sizes.

Centerless grinding is an OD grinding process where the workpiece is supported on its own OD by a work blade located between a high speed grinding wheel and a slower speed regulating wheel with a smaller diameter. The relationship between the grinding wheel, regulating wheel and work blade is what decides if the process will be successful to an application or if it will instead produce bad parts.

Centerless grinding eliminates the need for workpiece center holes, drivers or workhead fixtures that are required in the other cylindrical grinding methods. Also, centerless grinding, if set up properly, will achieve excellent roundness, surface finish and dimensional tolerances.

Parts can be ground using a continuous process called throughfeed, or the work can be fed to a predetermined point across the work blade to a fixed stop using the infeed process.

To achieve rounding action, the workblade must be set so that the centerline of the workpiece is above the centerline of the grinding and regulating wheels. The key is to set up an angled work blade so it slopes toward the regulating wheel. It can then control (regulate) the workpiece rotation against the higher speed grinding wheel so metal removal can take place. The angle of the work blade helps keep the workpiece in contact with and under the control of the slower rotating regulating wheel to resist any tendency to “spin up” to the speed of the grinding wheel, which is not good.

To read recent centerless grinding application success stories, visit “Automated Grinding Cell Adds Capacity” and “Centerless Grinding Solutions Bring all Processes under One Roof.”