Damped Tools Enable Complex Boring, Milling Operations
S&K Machine needed cutting tools that could complete complex boring and milling operations without chatter. Sandvik Coromant’s Silent Tools line fit the bill.
Persistent chatter can be a very difficult manufacturing issue to solve. Machining shops have turned to solutions such as reducing spindle speeds, increasing the feed rate, taking a heavier depth of cut, changing the nose radius or geometry of the insert, welding steel to the boring bar, wrapping rubber bands around the outside of the part, sticking strips of lead under the toolholder screws, and more, but these efforts are often not enough. S&K Machine Inc. of West Jordan, Utah, decided to solve its tool-chatter issues by using damped tooling from Sandvik Coromant Inc. (Fair Lawn, New Jersey). This tooling has enabled S&K to take on jobs that require complex boring and milling operations with tight tolerances and finish requirements.
S&K Machine Inc. was founded 36 years ago by Sam Korologos and Albert Shahinian. Today, the company employs 18 people and features a variety of machines on its 18,000-square-foot production floor. Its 18 DMG MORI CNC machines include a 40-horsepower, 15-inch-chuck SL-403 MC lathe with C and Y axes; several NMV-5000 five-axis machining centers; and an SH-633 horizontal machining center with a 2,620-pound (1,200-kilogram) table capacity. It also has traditional CNC lathes and mills, including an SL-603 with 90.6 inches (2,300 mm) between centers and a 10.8-inch (274-mm) spindle bore. These machines have helped the company make a name for itself manufacturing complex parts out of alloy steels, cast iron, 300- and 400-series stainless, magnesium, A36 plate, Inconel, and Zeron 100 for the oil and gas, aerospace, firearm, and medical industries.
Many of the parts the company makes require hole boring. For example, one part is made of 48-HRC 4140 steel and requires a 22-inch-deep hole with an internal diameter of 4.3 inches and an external diameter of 3.97 inches. It also requires milled slots, diametrical tolerances of ±0.001 inch (0.025 mm) and a surface-finish requirement of 32 Ra. This may sound difficult to accomplish, but according to Mr. Shahinian, “It’s a typical part for us.”
To tackle complex boring operations like this and make them standard for the company, Mr. Shahinian says the shop uses damped tools from Sandvik Coromant’s Silent Tools line. These tools are designed to reduce vibration and thus chatter, which increases productivity. This is accomplished via high initial dynamic stiffness coupled with a tuned-mass damper system inside the tool body. These features are designed to minimize vibration in longer overhangs (greater than 7×D in turning) and improve productivity in shorter overhangs (4-7×D in turning). The damped tools are also designed to improve process security through stable and vibration-free cutting, improve surface finish by eliminating chatter or witness marks, and reduce cost per component by increasing productivity. The company began using the line of tools when Sandvik introduced it in the early 1980s, and S&K’s tool crib now has “at least three” of every size boring bar and head available, Mr. Shahinian says.
S&K also has used these damped tools to machine 1.8750-inch-diameter by 17.2500-inch-long bores (47.6 by 438.0 mm) in hardened 17-4 PH and Hastelloy G30 parts with 3.250-inch-diameter holes that are 20.187 inches deep (82.5 by 512.7 mm).
And the company has not limited its use of Silent Tools to turning—it also has started using an adapter from the line on its milling operations. It recently used the adapter on a milling cutter with a 16-inch overhang to machine an A36 plate component. According to Mr. Shahinian’s son Raffi Shahinian, chief operating officer, there was no cutting chatter, and the cycle time was reduced by half compared to using the previous method. “We used a 0.3-inch (7.6-mm) Z-axis stepdown at 36 ipm (279 mm) and 800-sfm cutting speed,” he says. “Everyone was amazed at how fast we could go with that much sticking out of the spindle.”
The senior Mr. Shahinian says the company has been using Sandvik Coromant tools for more than 30 years and is not going to change that practice any time soon. “Every day there’s something different in this business, with new types of tooling, machining approaches and so on to stay on top of,” he says. “It’s nice to know we can count on Sandvik Coromant for help with that. We’ve always had great support from them.”