Workers' Compensation Loss Run Reports
Loss run reports document information about a company's workers' compensation claims, which includes where your money is going.
Almost any employer might ask, "What’s a loss run report? Why do I need it? Where do I get one?" While it may not sound very exciting, it documents information about your company’s workers’ compensation claims, including where your money is going.
Loss run reports come from your insurance company or third party administrator (TPA). While some reports are more thorough than others, there is always useful information on job-related accidents and claims.
Just as a balance sheet helps business owners understand the financial strength and capabilities of their company, a good loss run report can guide a workers’ compensation program in developing risk management plans, tracking the results of current risk management efforts, identifying problem areas and projecting costs.
Surprisingly, the content of loss run reports varies dramatically. A very basic loss run report offers minimal information (the name of the injured employee, the total cost incurred and a comments column) for employers who want to evaluate and improve their injury management process. Other loss run reports include a wealth of valuable and meaningful data.
The second report has more value for several reasons. First, there are four dates: date of injury, report to employer, carrier notified and carrier entry. The timeliness of reporting injuries is a key metric in managing workers’ compensation costs. The claims costs are much more likely to be lower the faster a business reports a workers’ compensation injury.
Seriously delayed reporting (more than 10 days to report the majority of claims) and a high litigation rate are a recipe for higher costs. Insurance carriers view these as serious red flags, creating a high risk that could lead to higher costs. The desired goal is to report all injuries within 24 hours of when they occur.
By analyzing a loss run’s date information, employers can determine if their current injury reporting process (lag time) is effective or could use fine-tuning. A loss run report can become the basis for formulating actions to reduce the lag time.
A good loss run report also includes information as to whether or not a claim is litigated. Ideally, a 5-percent litigation rate is very good (10 to 15 percent is good and anything more than 20 percent should be considered a red flag). Nevertheless, a number of legitimate factors can result in higher rates. A good benchmark for comparison can be determined by looking at the statistics available from your state’s workers’ compensation division.
High litigation rates can signal all is not well on the employer’s home front. Rates in excess of your state’s average could indicate a need for more and better communication between the injured employee and the employer, a general mistrust of the employer, a fear of losing one’s job, mistrust or lack of confidence in the medical treatment being rendered or general employee job dissatisfaction.
Another area of interest is the "claim status" data, which indicates whether a claim is open or closed. Excessive time lags in care or claims may indicate that a case can be spiraling out of control. Coupled with the payment and reserve information, it also gives a picture of the ultimate cost of claims. Drilling down to the accident description, nature of the injury and particular department can help identify problem areas and point to possible solutions.
Also, the report identifies the type of claim and indicates if the claim is medical only or indemnity, which involves time loss. A good target for time loss is no more than 20 to 25 percent of claims. Higher percentages are a red flag, signaling that the employer needs to look closely at the company’s current return to work process and dig further to determine what is occurring.
The report includes the occupation code that enables employers to determine if injuries are concentrated in particular jobs as well. A rash of injuries in one area may be because of inadequate training, poor hiring practices, unsafe conditions or a combination of these. Armed with this information, the employer can take steps to identify and correct the problem.
Date of hire is another valuable data point on the loss run. A high number of injuries among new employees (within the first 30 to 60 days) could indicate improper training or perhaps an inappropriate hire.
Injury codes on loss run reports identify the nature and severity of the injury, the cause of the injury and the body part injured. All of this is critical information for developing, monitoring and strengthening an injury management program. It enables employers to identify trends and high risks of a particular cause of injury, prepare prevention strategies and evaluate the effectiveness of intervention programs. Employers can focus on the activities within the company that create the greatest cost. Other pertinent data can include the departments, locations or states where injuries have occurred.
Determining what should be monitored and how often is also key. At a minimum, loss runs should be reviewed quarterly. However, to keep an injury management program on course, a simple monthly measurement of the average cost of claims—total incurred costs divided by total claims—can be a guide. The total incurred cost is the sum of payments plus outstanding liabilities (or what is yet to be spent). Small incremental changes indicate the program is working well and spikes are a red flag that warrant more analysis.
Understanding the factors that impact workers’ compensation costs allows employers to design programs that maintain a healthy balance between cost and quality to keep the employer profitable and better serve injured employees.
Since loss run reports may not always provide this critical data, it becomes the responsibility of the insurance agent or the employer to request information they need from the insurance company or TPA. While a common response may be that loss run reports cannot be modified, alternative reports with the desired information can be requested. After all, it is the employees’ safety and the employers’ bottom line that are at risk.
Teresa A. Long is director of agency services for the Institute of WorkComp Professionals in Asheville, N.C. She can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.