Programming Lathes: Eliminate Cutting Air On The Second Pass

Cutting air benefits no one. Eliminate it in the programming department.


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     As you watch your tool cut into nothing but air during a turning operation, do you visualize greenbacks floating out the window or your operators’ eyes glazed in thoughtful reveries? You are not alone. One of the most common wastes of precious machining time is cutting air.

    A familiar scenario is that a second tool, facing in the opposite direction of the first, has to cut all the material that the first tool couldn’t cut. The second toolpath chain is typically generated off the same geometry as the first. As such, the second tool path is doing a lot of unnecessary air cutting because the material is already gone—removed on the first pass. There are perhaps only a few remaining areas that need to be cut by the second tool.

    To address this problem, programmers can either edit the geometry or adjust the part geometry to force the tool path to cut only the leftover areas. This not only is time consuming, but also presents the risk of unintentionally changing the model permanently. Manually editing the program also wastes time and causes human error.

    Some CAM programs such as Mastercam software by CNC Software offer a simple way to quickly, and correctly, eliminate wasteful air cutting. The trick to remedy this situation, without changing the part geometry in any way, might not be readily apparent. Here is how the issue is addressed in Mastercam software with a simple click and drag of a computer mouse.

    The toolpath geometry is made up of a chain, or series of lines, that defines the part geometry. The chain has clearly defined start and end points. These start and end points work fine for the first tool path.

    On the second tool path, it is possible to relay to the software to cut only a portion of that chain by moving the start and end points. In Mastercam software, this is called “dynamic chaining.”

    In essence, the programmer can slide the mouse to a point where cutting should start and where it should stop, perfect for getting the areas left by the first tool. This function does not modify the geometry or the model in any way.

    Specifically, as the programmer is chaining the geometry, he or she can expand the chaining dialog box by clicking the plus (+) sign in the upper left corner to expose the dynamic chaining controls. By selecting the “dynamic” button, the programmer can graphically move the start or end of the chain being created to any position along the path.

    The start or end point arrows of the chain can be dragged to a new position with the mouse. The user clicks once more to anchor it. The changes made can be seen on the screen by the new positions of the green and red arrows denoting the start and end points of the chain.

    The second tool path, after dynamically adjusting the chain, is shown on the screen. Based on the changes made, the new tool path for the second tool only cuts between where the new start and end points are.

    Eliminating cutting air provides a much more efficient tool path and reduces cycle time, which ultimately reduces costs. It is in the best interest of all CNC programmers with turning operations to find out how to incorporate this time-saving tool into their CAM package. 

 

 

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