Zone: Turning Machines

OVERVIEW: “Turning” defines the work that is traditionally done on a lathe. As lathes have grown in sophistication, some of these machines have been given different names. “Turning centers” is a term sometimes applied to machines with particularly sophisticated capabilities related to secondary spindles and/or rotating tools for milling and drilling. Another term, “turn/mill machines,” describes machines that can be thought of as being just as capable at milling and drilling parts as they are at turning. In turning, unlike in milling or drilling, the workpiece spins while the cutting tool does not. The cutting tool feeds along the length or diameter of the rotating part. The workpiece in turning can be held in a chuck or collet, to name two of the more common workholding methods. The turning machine may also include spindles for the cutting tools to accomplish non-turning operations such as milling and drilling. If this is the case, the machine stops the workpiece from spinning in order to perform these operations within the same machining cycle as the turning work. In fact, for some parts, the milling and drilling capabilities may be used so extensively that a non-turned, non-round part might also be produced on this type of machine. Lathes, turning centers and turn-mill machines can have horizontal or vertical spindles. Horizontal spindles are more common. If the machine has a vertical spindle, then the spindle may locate below or above the machine. If the workpiece rests on a table driven by the spindle, then this machine is generally called a vertical turret lathe, or VTL. If the workpiece is held from above by the vertical spindle, then this type of turning machine is generally called an inverted vertical lathe.

Featured Zone Content

Modular Automation Package for Turning Machines

Emco Maier has partnered with UltraTech Machinery to offer a modular robotic automation cell that provides flexible part load/unload for its turning machines....MORE

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Hard Turning’s Strong Finish

With the right methodology in place, this alternative to grinding can often save money while adequately meeting surface finish requirements....MORE

The Upside of Vertical Turning

Vertical turning centers that use the main spindle to load and unload themselves are finding increasing acceptance as multitasking capabilities make them efficient processing centers for producing chucked parts....MORE

Methods Multitasking Turning Center with Twin Spindles, Automation, and Advanced Software

Methods Machine Tools Inc.’s Nakamura-Tome NTRX-300, a multitasking turning center, features complete parts machining in one operation, with a built-in load/unload automation system and advanced operator recognition management software. ...MORE

VM9 VMC can be Fitted with up to 12 Tool Positions

Emag’s VM 9 vertical turning center is designed to machine chucked components with a maximum diameter of as much as 450 mm and features a tool turret that can be fitted with up to 12 tool positions. ...MORE

600 UK Harrison Alpha XS lathe

Lathes Turn Larger-Diameter Components

600 UK, parent company of Harrison Lathe, has announced the expansion of Harrison's Alpha XS lathe series with the heavy-duty 1660XS and 1760XS models designed to meet demands for accurate, efficient and economic turning of large-diameter workpieces. ...MORE

the world's largest anti-vibration boring bar

A Really, Really Big Boring Bar

The developers are calling it the world’s largest anti-vibration boring bar—one that is capable of machining a bore 12 inches in diameter and as long as 165 inches. Sandvik Coromant designed and manufactured this boring bar in cooperation with lathe builder Gurutzpe Turning Solutions. ...MORE

Multitasking

The Y of Multitasking

The Y axis has some primary capabilities that make it extremely efficient and cost effective in multitasking operations. ...MORE

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